Research | Exposure effects


Watson NA, Clarkson JP, Donovon RJ, Giles-Corti B. Filthy or fashionable? Young people's perceptions of smoking in the media. Health Education Research. 2003;18(5):554-567. doi:10.1093/her/cyf039. 1 October 2003.
Dalton MA, Sargent JD, Beach ML, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Gibson JJ, Ahrens MB, Tickle JJ, Heatherton JF. Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: A cohort study. The Lancet. 2003;362(9380):281-285. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13970-0. 26 July 2003.
Sargent JD, Dalton MA, et. al. Modifying exposure to smoking depicted in movies: A novel approach to preventing adolescent smoking. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2003;157(7):643-648. doi:10.1001/archpedi.157.7.643. 1 July 2003.
Glantz SA. Smoking in movies: A major problem and a real solution. The Lancet. 2003;362(9380):258-259. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)14001-9. 10 June 2003.
Wakefield M, Flay B, Nichter M, Giovino G. Role of the media in influencing trajectories of youth smoking. Addiction. 2004;98:79-103. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.98.s1.6.x. 29 April 2003.
McCool JP, Cameron LD, Petrie KJ. Interpretations of smoking in film by older teenagers. Social Science and Medicine. 2003;56(5):1023-32. doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00096-5. 1 March 2003.


Gidwani PP, Sobol A, DeJong W, Perrin JM, Gortmaker SL. Television viewing and initiation of smoking among youth. Pediatrics. 2002;110(3):505-508. doi:10.1542/peds.110.3.505. 1 September 2002.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette use among high school students — United States, 1991-2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2002;51(19);409-412. 17 May 2002.
Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, Heatherton TF. Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking?. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002;22(3):137-45. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(01)00434-2. 1 April 2002.


Sargent JD, Beach ML, Dalton MA, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, Heatherton TF. Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: Cross sectional study. British Medical Journal. 2001;323:1394. doi:10.1136/bmj.323.7326.1394. 15 December 2001.
Dixon HG, Hill DJ, Borland R, Paxton SJ. Public reaction to the portrayal of the tobacco industry in the film 'The Insider'. Tobacco Control. 2001;110(3):505-508. doi:10.1136/tc.10.3.285. 1 September 2001.
Pechmann C. A comparison of health communication models: Risk learning versus stereotype priming. Media Psychology. 2001;3(2):189-210. doi:10.1207/S1532785XMEP0302_04. 1 April 2001.
Tickle JJ, Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Heatherton TF. Favourite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary films, and its association with adolescent smoking. Tobacco Control. 2001;10(1):16–22. doi:10.1136/tc.10.1.16. 1 March 2001.