Research | Exposure effects


Wagner DD, Dal Cin S, Sargent JD, Kelley WM, Heatherton TF. Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke. The Journal of Neuroscience. 2011;31(3):894-898. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5174-10.2011. 19 January 2011.


de Leeuw RN, Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, Scholte RHJ, Engels RCME, Tanski SEE. Association of smoking onset with R-rated movie restrictions and adolescent sensation seeking. Pediatrics. 2011;127;e96. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-3443. 6 December 2010.
Viswanath K, Ackerson LK, Sorensen G, Gupta PC. Movies and TV influence tobacco use in India: Findings from a national survey. PLOS ONE. 2010;5(6):e11365. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011365. 29 June 2010.
Shadel WG, Martino SC, Haviland A, Setodji C, Primack BA. Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: A preliminary investigation. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2010;12(8):850-854. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntq099. 24 June 2010.
Millett C, Glantz SA. Assigning an ‘18’ rating to movies with tobacco imagery is essential to reduce youth smoking. Thorax. 2010;65:377-378. doi:10.1136/thx.2009.133108. 1 May 2010.
Shmueli D, Prochaska J, Glantz SA. Effect of smoking scenes in films on immediate smoking: A randomized controlled study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2010;38(4):351-358. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2009.12.025. 1 April 2010.


Blake KD, Viswanath K, Blendon RJ, Vallone DM. The role of reported tobacco-specific media exposure on adult attitudes toward proposed policies to limit the portrayal of smoking in movies. Tobacco Control. 2010;19:191-196. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.03126. 11 December 2009.
Harakeh Z, Engels RCME, Vohs K, van Baaren R, Sargent JD. Exposure to movie smoking, antismoking ads, and smoking intensity: An experimental study with a factorial design. Tobacco Control. 2010;19:185-190. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.030684. 11 December 2009.
Thrasher JF, Sargent JD, Huang L, Arillo-Santillán E, Dorantes-Alonso A, Pérez-Hernández R. Does film smoking promote youth smoking in middle-income countries?: A longitudinal study among Mexican adolescents. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 2009;18:3444-3450. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0883. 3 December 2009.
Wilkinson AV, Spitz MR, Prokhorov AV, Bondy ML, Shete S, Sargent JD. Exposure to smoking imagery in the movies and experimenting with cigarettes among Mexican heritage youth. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 2009;18:3435-3443. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0766. 3 December 2009.
Lochbuehler K, Engels RCME, Scholte RHJ. Influence of smoking cues in movies on craving among smokers. Addiction. 2009;104(12):2102-2109. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02712.x. 5 October 2009.
Tanski SEE, Stoolmiller M, Dal Cin S, Worth K. Movie character smoking and adolescent smoking: Who matters more, good guys or bad guys? P. Pediatrics. 2009;124(1): 135–143. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-3420. 25 August 2009.
Adachi-Mejia AM, Primack BA, Beach ML, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Longacre MR, Weiss JE, Dalton MA. Influence of movie smoking exposure and team sports participation on established smoking. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2009;163(7):638-643. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.59. 10 July 2009.
Chapman S. Comment on Sargent et al. (2009): With youth smoking at historical lows, how influential is movie smoking on uptake?. Addiction. 2009;104(5):824-5; discussion 825-7.. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02568.x. 1 May 2009.